FRMPs contain key elements defined by the Floods Directive, i.e. a description of the objectives of flood risk management and a catalog of activities aimed at achieving the objectives of flood risk management, including their priority. The most important goal of FRMP, and therefore also their updating, is obviously limiting the potential negative effects of floods on human life and health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity. This is done through recommended for implementation activities aimed at minimizing the identified risks and reducing flood losses. They include both technical activities (e.g. construction of retention reservoirs and embankments) and non-technical activities (e.g. in the field of natural retention and legal instruments), including proper spatial planning at the local government level. To illustrate: the construction of reservoirs to collect excess water, especially in the south of the country, is to keep the flood away from people; proper spatial planning in the rest of the area is to keep people away from flooding. All this for one purpose – to teach us all to live with a flood.
The FRMP, coordinated at the level of river basin district, covers all aspects of flood risk management, in particular measures aimed at prevention, protection and proper preparation for floods, including flood forecasting, and early warning systems, taking into account the specificity of individual river basin districts. In the course of work on the preparation of FRMP draft, many analyzes were carried out, including: flood risk distribution analyzes to identify problem areas, hydraulic modeling to determine effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed measures, cost-benefit analysis, analysis and assessment of compliance of the adopted final options with legal and environmental requirements, as well as multi-criteria analysis (with the selection of a number of objective flood, environmental and economic criteria). Update of the FRMP also includes activities aimed at informing the public throughout the entire project and conducting six-monthly public consultations on the FRMP draft, an important element of the entire process of arrangements and achieving the goal by reaching the largest possible number of stakeholders with information about planned activities.